Animals Animal Science Facts
Extension Animal Husbandry ANS96-600S/G

Danish Standards for Market Lambs


Matthew C. Claeys
Extension Livestock Specialist


The Danish Standards for the evaluation of market lambs are outlined below. These standards have been established for the recognition of Cloverbuds (ages 5 - 8) in the 4-H Market Lamb Project area. However, these standards may be used with all 4-H age groups. In this system of determining the level of achievement, the animal should be evaluated against the standard and not the other animals in the particular class.

Market Lambs

This system of evaluating the market lamb will utilize the USDA quality and yield grade systems as well as visual appraisal for muscling and conformation. The formula for the USDA yield grade system is: Yield Grade = 0.4 + (10 x adjusted fat, inches).

Purple Group

Lambs grading USDA Choice or better in quality grade; having better than average conformation; balance, style and superior quality; and cutability. Yield grade 2.4 or better.

Blue Group

Lambs grading USDA Choice or better in quality grade and having better than average conformation. Yield grade range of 2.5 to 3.4.

Red Group

Lambs grading USDA Choice or better in quality grade and having average conformation. Yield grade range of 1.4 to 3.4.

White Group

Lambs grading USDA Good in quality grade. Young lambs grading USDA choice or prime that are yield grade 4 or 5.

North Carolina 4-H Livestock Overall Objectives

  1. To develop leadership abilities, build character, and assume citizenship responsibilities.
  2. To experience the pride of owning livestock and to be responsible for its management.
  3. To be better prepared for citizenship responsibilities through working in groups and supporting community livestock educational projects and activities.
  4. To learn skills in livestock production and gain an understanding of the business of breeding, raising, and promoting livestock and their end products.
  5. To increase knowledge of safety precautions needed to prevent injury to yourself while working with livestock.
  6. To promote greater love for animals and a human attitude toward them.
  7. To teach good sportsmanship through a friendly, competitive atmosphere.
  8. To increase knowledge of animal agriculture by-products and how by-product usage touches our lives each and every day.

The North Carolina 4-H and Junior Livestock Program provides many project area that address the various segments of the livestock industry. Emphasis for all of the projects is on the development of the young person. The youth are the focus of the projects, while the animals and projects are utilized as the vehicle for the progress in the development of youth. Available educational programs cover subject matter materials from production practices to the meat product supplied for the consumer's plate. For further information about programs and services provided by the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service:

* Contact the county livestock or dairy agents. County office phone numbers can be found in the phone book Government Section, listed within the county section. N.C. State University Extension specialists working with dairy cattle, beef cattle, horses, swine, and small ruminants provide resource support for county/area dairy and livestock agents.

Some additional materials available from North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service:

ANS 95-003BMarket Lamb Showmanship
ANS 96-006BEvaluating and Recognizing Youth Using the Danish System
ANS 96-601S/GCloverbud (5-6 Years of Age) Sheep Exhibitors Project Guide
ANS 96-602S/GCloverbud (7-8 Years of Age) Sheep Exhibitors Project Guide
10M894commPennsylvania 4-H Livestock Judging Manual
4-H PG-5-25Sheep Project Planning Guide
4-H R-5-294-H Sheep Record
4-H M-5-324-H Project Manual - Red Meats
4-H L-5-35Sheep Lesson Plans for Leaders
4-H M-5-41Market Lamb 4-H Members Manual
Livestock Lessons for After School Enrichment Programs

Reviewed by: Darwin G. Braund, Ph.D., Brinton Hopkins, Ph.D., Sharon Rogers Department of Animal Science and the following county agents: Ralph E. Blalock, Jr. (Edgecombe), Kathy Bunton (Alexander), Walter Earle (Wilson), Michael L. Hobbs (Buncombe), and Ronald M. Hughes (Johnston).


Distributed in furtherance of the Acts of Congress of May 8 and June 30, 1914. Employment and program opportunities are offered to all people regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, age, or disability. North Carolina State University, North Carolina A&T State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and local governments cooperating.
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Last Modified Wednesday, 25-Apr-2001 15:24:55 EDT
Lori McBryde, Department of Animal Science.