The Danish Standards for the evaluation of market hogs are listed below. These standards have been established for the recognition of Cloverbuds (ages 5 - 8) in the 4-H Market Swine Project area. However, these standards may be used with all 4-H age groups. In this system of determining the level of achievement, the animal should be evaluated against the standard and not the other animals in the particular class.
This system of evaluating the market hog will utilize the USDA yield grade system as well as visual appraisal for muscling and conformation. The formula for the USDA yield grade system is: Yield Grade = (4 x the last rib back fat depth, inches) - muscle score. The muscle scores are defined as: 1= thin muscling; 2= average muscling; and 3= thick muscling. These grades are based on the expected lean cuts yield. Carcasses must be of acceptable quality.
US No. 1 hogs with superior meat conformation; balance, style, and superior quality; showing production traits of skeletal soundness and youthfulness; free of physical problems.
US No. 1 hogs with above average meat conformation; balanced and of high quality; showing production traits of skeletal soundness and youthfulness; free of physical problems.
US No. 1 hogs with average meat conformation; US No. 2 hogs with superior meat conformation; free of physical problems.
US No. 1 hogs with below average meat conformation; US No. 2 hogs with average or below average meat conformation; US No. 3 and 4 hogs; Utility hogs.
North Carolina 4-H Livestock Overall Objectives
The North Carolina 4-H and Junior Livestock Program provides many project area that address the various segments of the livestock industry. Emphasis for all of the projects is on the development of the young person. The youth are the focus of the projects, while the animals and projects are utilized as the vehicle for the progress in the development of youth. Available educational programs cover subject matter materials from production practices to the meat product supplied for the consumer's plate. For further information about programs and services provided by the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service:
Some additional materials available from North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service:
|ANS 96-006B||Evaluating and Recognizing Youth Using the Danish System|
|ANS 96-805S||Showing Swine|
|ANS 96-807S||Cloverbud (5-6 Years of Age) Swine Exhibitors Project Guide|
|ANS 96-808S||Cloverbud ( 7-8 Years of Age) Swine Exhibitors Project Guide|
|10M894comm||Pennsylvania 4-H Livestock Judging Manual|
|4-H M-5-3||4-H Swine Production Manual|
|4-H M-5-32||4-H Project Manual - Red Meats|
|4-H L-5-37||Swine Lesson Plans for 4-H Leaders|
|Livestock Lessons for After School Enrichment Programs|
Reviewed by: Darwin G. Braund, Ph.D., Brinton A. Hopkins, Ph.D., Sharon Rogers Department of Animal Science and the following County Agents: Walter Earle (Wilson), Michael L. Hobbs (Buncombe), and Ronald M. Hughes (Johnston).