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Compendium Spot ID Tutorials Labs Glossary NC Pests

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Module 5

Module 6

Module 7

Module 8

Module 9

Module 10

Antennae

The antennae are a pair of sense organs located near the front of an insect's head capsule.  Although commonly called "feelers", the antennae are much more than just tactile receptors.  They are usually covered with olfactory receptors that can detect odor molecules in the air (the sense of smell).  Many insects also use their antennae as humidity sensors, to detect changes in the concentration of water vapor.  Mosquitoes detect sounds with their antennae, and many flies use theirs to gauge air speed while they are in flight.

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Although antennae vary widely in shape and function, all of them can be divided into three basic parts:

  1. scape -- the basal segment that articulates with the head capsule
  2. pedicel -- the second antennal segment
  3. flagellum -- all the remaining "segments" (individually called flagellomeres)

Types of Antennae:

Name Appearance Example(s)
Setaceous -- bristle-like
Setaceous
Dragonflies
Filiform -- thread-like
Ground beetles
and
Cockroaches
Moniliform -- bead-like
Moniliform
Termites
Serrate -- sawtoothed
Serrate
Click beetles
Clavate -- gradually clubbed
Clavate
Carrion beetles
Capitate -- abruptly clubbed
Capitate
Butterflies
Lamellate -- nested plates
r
Scarab beetles
Pectinate -- comb-like
Pectinate
Fire-colored beetles
and
Male glow-worms
Plumose -- brush-like
Plumose
Mosquitoes
Geniculate -- elbowed
Geniculate
Weevils and Ants
Aristate -- pouch-like with lateral bristle
Aristate
House flies


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