NC State University

Beekeeping Notes

These are extension articles written by past and present members of the Apiculture Program at NCSU. They are organized in the following structure.
  1. Honey bee biology. Honey bees are living, breathing animals. Therefore it is critical that beekeepers obtain a fundamental understanding of honey bees as a biological system. This includes understanding their nest architecture, development, anatomy, genetics, behavior, ecology, and evolution. Understanding what bees do naturally facilitates their husbandry by working with them, rather than against them. Moreover, understanding their biology develops a deeper appreciation and admiration of the bees.
  2. Honey bee management. Based on a thorough understanding of honey bee biology, a beekeeper may then effectively manipulate honey bees in a managed setting. Subjects include how to properly keep bees and what not to do. Hive construction, beekeeping equipment, and apiary establishment are also important areas of understanding. Treatment and prevention of the many diseases that afflict honey bees is also a significant management issue.
  3. Honey bee industry. Managed honey bees in the US account for over $14 billion each year in pollination services and increased crop yields, and thus is a vital part of the agriculture industry in the country. Knowing the history of beekeeping, what crops require bees for cross pollination and fruit set, the honey market, and the uses of other hive products are important aspects of the apiculture industry.

* Notes are in PDF format, and require Adobe Acrobat Reader to view. Click on any title to download.

Number Note Title Category Subcategory
1.01 Biology
Africanized honey bees
1.02 Biology
Africanized honey bees
1.03 Biology
Africanized honey bees
1.04 Biology
Bee plants, botany, and gardening
1.05 Biology
Bee plants, botany, and gardening
1.06
Landscape Planting for Bees
Biology
Bee plants, botany, and gardening
1.07 Biology
Bee plants, botany, and gardening
1.08 Biology
Medical and safety information
1.09 Biology
Medical and safety information
1.10 Biology
Related insects
1.11 Biology
Behavior, ecology, and evolution
1.12 Biology
Behavior, ecology, and evolution
1.13 Biology
Related insects
2.01 Management
Diseases, pests, and treatments
2.02 Management
Diseases, pests, and treatments
2.03 Management
Diseases, pests, and treatments
2.04 Management
Diseases, pests, and treatments
2.05 Management
Diseases, pests, and treatments
2.06 Management
Equipment and woodworking
2.07
Honey Bee Vacuum
Management
Equipment and woodworking
2.08 Management
Equipment and woodworking
2.09 Management
Equipment and woodworking
2.10 Management
Hive manipulation
2.11
Weed Control in the Apiary
Management
Working in the apiary
2.12 Management
Working in the apiary
2.13
An Electric Bear Fence for Apiaries
Management
Working in the apiary
2.14 Management
Queen rearing and bee breeding
2.15 Management
Hive manipulation
2.16 Management
Queen rearing and bee breeding
2.17 Management
Hive manipulation
3.01 Industry
Beekeeping facts and history
3.02 Industry
Beekeeping facts and history
3.03 Industry
Crop pollination
3.04
Cucumber Pollination
Industry
Crop pollination
3.05 Industry
Honey
3.06 Industry
Honey
3.07
Making Mead or Honey Wine
Industry
Other hive products
308
Beeswax
Industry
Other hive products
3.09
Audio-Visual Materials on Beekeeping at NCSU
Industry
Reference
3.10 Industry
Reference
3.11
The N.C. Master Beekeeper Program
Industry
Reference
3.12 Industry
Reference
3.13
MBP Study Guide: Certified Level
Industry
Reference
3.14 Industry
Crop pollination