Screening and Advancing New Specialty Melons
for Market Potential, 2004

 

PROJECT LEADER(S):   Jonathan Schultheis, Bill Jester                          


LOCATION:
 Cunningham Research Station

 

 

IMPACT


New melons continue to be identified which have unique characteristics and are adapted to NC growing conditions.  This provides commercial growers with additional choices such that they can grow and market some of these new program melons.  One melon grown on a limited scale in 2004 with two growers was Sugar Nut.  It produced good yields and high quality melons.  In the future, there is potential for increased production acreage of Sugar Nut.

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

The consumer is interested in having melons of high quality with unique flavors and textures.  New melon cultivars are being developed each year and there are a range of specialty melon types.  Interspecific crosses result in new melons that often do not fit neatly into a particular melon category.  This may offer new production and market opportunities.  Disease resistance is another important component of variety development and many of these unique melons have limited disease resistance or tolerance.  It is important to realize that a unique cultivar with a special quality or characteristic can have a dramatic impact, resulting in the opportunity to produce a product that can be marketed and be profitable. 

 

The primary goal of the melon screening program is to assess advanced lines or new cultivars of the various melon types and to determine their adaptation to southeastern United States growing conditions (i.e. North Carolina).  Another objective, which is equally important, is to take promising lines or cultivars of the various melon types and test market them for consumer acceptance.  It is very important that markets are developed as production factors are being evaluated.  Several reports have described tests that involved the evaluation of specialty melons, but it appears that there has been limited market penetration by these specialty products (Elmstrom and Maynard, 1992; Simon et al., 1993a, 1993b).  A third objective of the melon evaluation program is to have grower participation in the market development.  This is done through informal contacts during the season; through the use of advisory committees, and on-farm demonstrations and cooperation with county agents and farmers.  Several on-farm demonstrations of specialty melons were conducted in 2004 (see specific reports for results).  The most important end goal is to provide North Carolina farmers with a quality product they can grow which produces well, and can be successfully marketed for profit!

 

METHODS

 

Before the growing season, seed companies are contacted to obtain seeds for a variety of specialty melon types.  Seed companies donate seeds in all cases as they are interested in their cultivar and product lines and how if they can be grown and produced in the southeastern United States, and if they have market potential.  The primary melon type grown and marketed in North Carolina, and the United States is muskmelon.  Thus, all other melon types (i.e. juan canary, ananas, charentais, Crenshaw, piel de sapo (Christmas), casaba, Japanese, etc.) are considered specialty types.  This includes honeydew melons since these are not grown in any great quantity in North Carolina.

 

Once all seed were obtained, they were sown in transplant trays 1 April 2004.  Fertilizer (10-10-10) was broadcast and incorporated on 6 April 2004 at a rate of 400 pounds per acre prior to the laying 60-inch wide black polyethylene plastic (1.25 mil thick).  The 8-mil drip tube with a 12-inch emitter spacing (0.45 gallon/minute/10 ft, T-Tape) was placed beneath the soil surface during fumigation.  On 7 April 2004, methyl bromide was injected at the time the plastic was laid.  The remaining nitrogen and potassium was fertigated weekly for the season.  Total nitrogen applied was 142 pounds per acre and 305 pounds per acre potash. 

 

Transplants were treated with Kocide 101 two times before planting in the field.  Approximately 4 weeks after seeding, the plants were established in the field (27 April 2004).  Spacing between row middles was 5 feet and in-row spacing was 2 feet.   Plot size was one row of 15 melon plants for the specialty melon observations.  At time of transplant, a starter solution was applied using 20-20-20 (1 lb/50 gallons water) and Diazinon (3 oz/50 gallons water) for insect control.  Insecticides and fungicides were applied weekly as a preventative measure beginning four weeks after transplanting (North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service, 2000-2004). 

 

Watering was reduced two weeks prior to harvest to improve fruit quality.  Harvests were made Monday, Wednesday and Friday of each week for the melon screening study.  Evaluations of each melon entry included yield, production earliness, average fruit size, soluble solids using a hand held refractometer (5 fruit samples), fruit shape and size, exterior and interior descriptions, flavor, flesh texture, disease susceptibility/tolerance and harvesting criteria (i.e. slip vs. does not slip).  Based on this information, cultivars or advanced lines which showed potential for commercial production will be included in a screening or evaluation trial in 2005.  Melon entries with obvious defects or no special features will not be evaluated in 2005.

 

RESULTS

 

Each of the melon types are described in table 1.  Specific descriptions are given for each melon entry as well.  The second table contains yield information for the season as well as categorizes yields into early, mid, and late season. 

 

 

CONCLUSION

 

Several of the ananas melons show promise with some of the best ones being from Hollar Seed Company (i.e Duke and HSR 4220).  As has been found in previous years, harvest time is critical with this type of melon because the shelf life is limited compared with most other melon types that have been tested.  Researching and finding ways to extend shelf life or improve handling of this type of melon may make this melon type more suitable for commercial shipping. Until shelf life extension can be obtained and handling is improved, it will be difficult to include this melon type in shipping markets. 

 

Another melon type which is very tricky to grow is a Charentais melon.  In 2003 and 2004, the HMX 9606 line was the most resistant Charentais melon to cracking of the four entries tested.  This melon needs to be harvested at the ¾ slip stage to reduce the incidence of cracking.

 

Growers might find some success in growing and selling Crenshaw melons for local markets.  This melon is not well adapted for grocery store chain sales.  Of the two we tested, Burpee’s Early was best. 

 

Shelf life of the Galia type melons is being improved though breeding efforts.  It is not as good as a muskmelon, but generally better than an ananas melon.  One of the melon cultivars that performed well in 2004 was Elario (Hazera Seed).  It was one of the higher yielding of the Galia types with nearly 16,000 fruit being produced per acre.  It also has a very attractive finish on the rind.

 

The juan canary melon can be grown commercially in North Carolina.  Several cultivars are well adapted; Sonora, an older cultivar, and Golden Beauty 229.  Bartlett Hybrid produced over 10,000 fruit per acre in 2004, up 2,000 fruit from 2003 trials.  Bartlett Hybrid received notice in 2003 for its pear-like flavor as its namesake suggests.  It was tested for the first time in 2003 and produced well in 2004.   

 

The Christmas (piel del sapo) melons have been a challenge to grow in North Carolina due to their requirement for a longer time to ripen.  Because of this, disease is more difficult to control over the longer period of time necessary to grow this type melon.  The hot, humid growing conditions of North Carolina are conducive to increased disease versus dry, warm growing conditions.  In spite of the challenge in growing the Christmas melons, Sancho did produce some wonderful tasting fruit which were rated very high at the Specialty Crops field day in July 2003 and 2004.  The other four Christmas melon entries were inferior to Sancho because of less fruit quality and Ruidera and Daimiel being extremely susceptible to powdery mildew.

 

Sugar Nut was placed on two commercial farms in 2004.  The melon quality was extremely good with very sweet with excellent flavor.  Favorable reviews of this melon were received from both growers in 2004.

 

For the first time, a Hami melon was included in the specialty melon screening trials in 2004.  These melons can have variable flesh color.  The flesh is characterized by is crisp texture and sweetness.  The melons can often be stored for several weeks.  New Century was the Hami melon tested in 2004.  It had a light orange flesh and produced reasonable quality fruits.

 

Funding has become limited for the Specialty Crops program and the melon program will no longer be funded by this program in 2005.  We are trying to secure funding in order to continue the melon screening program in 2005.

 

TABLES & PHOTOS

 

Photo 1: New Century, Hami melon

 

 



Table 1. Specialty melon cultigen/line name, seed company, and fruit description.

 

Cunningham Research Station, Kinston, N.C. 2004.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ananas: These melons are oval to round with medium-fine netting. The rind turns from green to gold

 

when ripe. They have a sweet, aromatic, soft white flesh.  Ananas melons tend to be very perishable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cultigens

Company

Description

 

 

 

 

 

Amie

Hazera Seeds, Inc

oval to round shape, variable sizes; rind color is green to burnt orange;

 

 

 

flesh color is green to white to orange; small to medium stem scar; 

 

 

 

medium to large cavity; soft to medium firm flesh; harvest when

 

 

 

abscission layer appears; flavor is aromatic with sweet aftertaste

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arava

Zeraim Gedera

very round uniform shape; no sutures; green with a fine netting when

 

 

 

unripe turning to a golden-yellow with fine netting; harvest when abscission

 

 

layer appears and melon is a golden color with some greenish

 

 

 

background; splits if taken to full slip

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Duke F1

Hollar & Company

Ananas melon; mostly oval, a few blocky, variable size, uniform shape;

 

 

 

rind color is dark green to green and yellow to burnt orange when overripe;

 

 

flesh color is light green to white to salmon in cavity; medium stem scar;

 

 

 

medium cavity; soft-medium firmness; sweet Ananas flavor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HSR 4011

Hollar & Company

round; rind color is green to golden yellow; flesh color is slight green,

 

 

 

mostly white with pale salmon cavity; medium stem scar with little

 

 

 

cracking; small to medium cavity; soft to medium firmness; flavor is mild,

 

 

 

 pleasing taste; firmer than most Ananas melons

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HSR 4022

Hollar & Company

round shape; small stem scar; small to medium cavity size; soft to medium flesh

 

 

firmness; diffuse medium netting; harvest when abscission layer forms but before it

 

 

slips, harvest when melons starts to turn from green to yellow; light green flesh

 

 

when optimum for harvest, white flesh when too ripe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HSR 4220

Hollar & Company

oval to oblong; variable shapes; uniform sizes; rind color is green to greenish yellow

 

 

to a burnt orange when overripe; fine netting of medium density; flesh color is light

 

 

green to white with pale salmon in cavity; medium stem scar; harvest when 

 

 

50-90% green but before full slip, netting tends to slip in places; mild fruity flavor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ophir

Zeraim Gedera

Oblong with fine netting; no sutures; rind color turns from green to beige; flesh color

 

 

is mint to light green; medium deep stem scar if allowed to slip

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raymond

Hazera Seeds, Inc

Elongated, oblong shape; dark green with light net to burnt orange when over ripe;

 

 

light green to a faint salmon color near cavity, golden background intermingled with

 

 

green; flesh turns from light green to white; small stem scar; medium dense netting;

 

 

no suture; harvest when abscission has begun to form but will not slip.

 

 

 


Table 1 cont.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Galia: Galia melons are generally round with a netted, sutureless rind that turns golden yellow as the melon                                        

matures. They slip when mature. They are aromatic, with green flesh  and  resist cracking under wet conditions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cultigens

Company

Description

 

 

 

 

 

Elario

Hazera Seeds, Inc

round, uniform shape, slightly variable in size; rind goes from green to golden yellow

 

 

when ripe; flesh color is light green to white with some salmon coloring in cavity;

 

 

medium to large stem scar with slight cracking; small to medium cavity;

 

 

 

medium dense fine netting; soft-medium flesh; aromatic Galia flavor, attractive finish-

 

 

much better than the standard; harvest when abscission appears, need some green

 

 

background for commercial harvest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elba

Nunhems

round, uniform shape; rind color is green, turns to golden yellow as ripens; flesh

 

 

color is mint-green; harvest with force slip; small to medium cavity; medium-soft

 

 

flesh firmness; flavor is very good

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gallardo

Seminis Vegetable

round; rind color goes from green to medium golden-yellow as it ripens;

 

 

Seeds, Inc

flesh color is very light green; flavor is sweet, has the characteristic aroma

 

 

of a Galia melon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HSR 4036

Hollar & Company

noncommercial because of poor quality and poor yield; unable to harvest for market

 

 

quality

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RS 11105026

Royal Sluis

elongated, oblong shape; orange flesh - cantaloupe type; medium net density with

 

 

medium size netting; medium to firm flesh texture; harvest when mix of green

 

 

and burnt orange color at first abscission layer formation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Charentais (French Breakfast Melon): These melons are smooth or slightly netted with gray-green rind

 and dark green, shallow sutures. The flesh is deep orange to salmon, firm and intensely sweet. These  

melons should be harvested prior to slip as abscission layer forms due to splitting. Water management is

critical to prevent cracking.  Determination of when to harvest is difficult in some cases.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cultigens

Company

Description

 

 

 

 

 

HMX 9606

Harris-Moran Seed

round; rind color is gray with suture to beige background and netting; flesh

 

 

color is bright salmon; medium to large stem scar; small cavity; very firm flesh;

 

 

harvest at 3/4 slip; flavor is very sweet and aromatic; cracks under wet conditions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HMXP 6885

Harris-Moran Seed

extreme variability in size and shape

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Honey Girl

W Atlee Burpee

round; rind color is gray to cream color; flesh color is salmon; medium to large

 

 

stem scar; small to medium cavity; firm flesh; slight to no netting; green fading

 

 

sutures occur as ripens

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SVR-1084

Seminis Vegetable

extreme variability in size and shape

 

 

 

 

Seeds, Inc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italian Sweet Melon: These are European type cantaloupes, intensely sweet with extended storage life if

harvested when the abscission layer appears but prior to full slip.       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cultigens

Company

Description

 

 

 

 

 

Magenta

Nunhems

round; rind color is green-gray to tan as it ripens with deep green sutures;

 

 

flesh is deep salmon color; medium stem scar; medium cavity; diffuse, thick

 

 

netting; firm flesh; very sweet, excellent taste; harvest when abscission layer

 

 

is visible on stem

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 1 cont.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italian Sweet Melon:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mirage

Nunhems

oval to oblong shape; rind color is green-gray to tan as ripens; flesh color is orange;

 

 

small to medium stem scar; large cavity; medium dense ropy netting; slight

 

 

sutures; medium firm flesh; flavor is an excellent muskmelon taste

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shilan

Nunhems

oval; rind color is tan as ripens; melon has an Athena look; flesh color is dark  

 

 

salmon; small stem scar; small very tight cavity; diffused medium fine netting;

 

 

no sutures; firm flesh, flavor is excellent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crenshaw: A large melon that progresses from smooth dark green rind to a blotchy yellow-green when

ready for harvest. Fruit turns solid yellow with soft flesh that becomes sweeter after harvest. Most

 

varieties sunburn in NC.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cultigens

Company

Description

 

 

 

 

 

Bolero

Siegers Seed Co

blocky oblong to oval shape; ripe when it turns light green with yellow blotches

 

 

with cracking

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Burpee's Early

W Atlee Burpee

teardrop shape; rind color is dark green turning to green with light

 

 

 

speckled background then yellow; flesh color is light orange; medium

 

 

 

to large cavity; soft flesh; very susceptible to downy and powdery mildew

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Juan Canary: These melons do not slip. They turn golden yellow when ripe.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cultigens

Company

Description

 

 

 

 

 

Bartlett Hybrid

W Atlee Burpee

obovate (larger at one end); rind color is light green to yellow to

 

 

& Co.

golden yellow as it ripens; ripe when gold yellow; flesh color is white; large cavity; 

 

 

thin rind; medium to firm flesh; flavor is good, very sweet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gold 264

Seminis Vegetable

Canary - Casaba type; oval to obovate in shape; green to golden-yellow, wrinkled

 

Seeds, Inc

appearance (extensively over melon); corky striations in furrows when ripe;

 

 

does not slip; flesh color is milky white

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Golden Beauty 229

Johnny's Selected

elliptic; white flesh; wrinkles intensify as it ripens; exterior golden yellow

 

 

Seed

when ripe; corky striations develop as it ripens; excellent flavor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Golden Lady

Known-You Seed

oval to tear drop shape; rind color is canary yellow; flesh color is very light green;

 

 

doesn't slip, forms sugar net; flesh is crunchy; very sweet with a fruity taste

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Golden Prize

Known-You Seed

tear drop to American football shape; dark green turning golden-yellow when

 

 

ripe; ripen characteristic could not be determined because of defoliation

 

 

 

by downy and powdery mildew

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HMX 1602

Harris-Moran

Juan Canary- Casaba type; rind color is green to golden-yellow when ripe;

 

 

flesh color is light green to white, medium canary; medium large cavity; develops

 

 

corky striations in wrinkled furrows around stem; medium firm flesh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

William Flavor

Known-You Seed

rind color is green to green with yellow cast; flesh color goes from green to yellow

 

 

and golden-yellow, does not slip; medium firm flesh with slight crunch;

 

 

 

excellent fruity-sweet flavor without an aftertaste; havest when yellow to

 

 

golden-yellow and mottling predominates over 80-90% of the fruit

 

 

Table 1 cont.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Juan Canary:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WS 5003

Western Seed Co

Juan Canary - Casaba type; variable shapes, oblong to football shape, large fruit;

 

 

rind color is light green to light yellow to golden-yellow; flesh color is light green;

 

 

medium cavity; texture is medium; corky striations developing in the wrinkled furrows

 

 

on the stem end; pleasant taste, some say it has a nutty taste

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sol

Zeraim Gedera

oval, some have point at either end, slight wrinkling, uniform shapes and sizes;

 

 

rind color is green to light yellow to golden-yellow when ripe, no netting formed,

 

 

color is indicative of ripeness; flesh color is light green to white; medium to large

 

 

cavity; soft to medium flesh; very sweet and fruity flavor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oriental: Most of these melons are smaller melons and do not slip. They have crisp white flesh. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cultigens

Company

Description

 

 

 

 

 

PS 614

Seminis Vegetable

variable shapes and sizes, pancake round, round ovoid, oblong, some assymetrical;

 

Seeds, Inc

when rind color is golden to golden-yellow, turns light to golden yellow with

 

 

corky diffuse netting when ripe; mint-green flesh; small to large tight cavity;

 

 

doesn't slip for optimum quality; slightly aromatic, mild flavor and firm flesh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sprite

Sakata Seeds, Inc

round to oval; cream to mottled yellow when ripe; crisp flesh; ugly netting  and

 

 

cracks cover the fruit when it becomes over ripe; harvest as blossom end netting

 

 

develops; very high sugars

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Piel de Sapo (Christmas Melon, Santa Claus Melon): This melon is typified by the frog skin rind.

It does not slip but develops diffuse netting at peak ripeness. This melon has white flesh.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cultigens

Company

Description

 

 

 

 

 

Ruidera

Nunhems

small cavity; very susceptible to powdery mildew; lots of sunburn and poor sugar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sancho

Syngenta Seeds

Piel de Sapo; obovate, calyx end is small; flesh color is very light on edge to

 

 

off-white with pale salmon cavity; develops diffuse netting over the whole melon;

 

 

small to medium cavity; flesh texture is soft to medium; wonderful fruity taste

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trijilla

Nunhems

oblong with pointed end; with a few exceptions, the stem is larger

 

 

 

than the calyx; netting starts at either end; flesh color is green to light greenish-white

 

 

to pale salmon in cavity; medium cavity; medium flesh texture; rich fruity flavor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WS 5010

Western Seed Co

large Piel de Sapo; typical blocky oblong shape with pointed calyx end, some football

 

 

shape; sunburns, small calyx scar; as it ripens, is starts to show netting beginning at

 

 

stem end, golden flecking becomes more predominiate as ripening occurs;

 

 

flesh color is light green to white to pale salmon in cavity; medium to large cavity;

 

 

flesh has soft to medium firmness; average taste

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Daimiel

Nunhems

small cavity; very susceptible (more than Ruidera) to powdery mildew; lots

 

 

of sunburn and poor sugars

 

 

 

 

 

Table 1 cont.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hami melon: This ancient melon originated in the northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.                   

Hami melons may have either red-pink, orange, white or green flesh. The flesh is crisp and very sweet.                     

These melons may be stored for several weeks to a few months with little quality loss.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cultigens

Company

Description

 

 

 

 

 

New Century

Known-You Seed

ovate to oblong; variable in shape and size; rind color turns from a light green with

 

 

gray flecking to light green with golden flecking in background when ripe; develops

 

 

diffuse, fine netting over the entire fruit when ripe; white indistinct inch-wide area

 

 

next to rind; small to medium cavity; light orange flesh; firm crunchy flesh;

 

 

pleasant melon flavor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Miscellaneous: These melons do not fall in the other groups but have unique characteristics.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cultigens

Company

Description

 

 

 

 

 

Jade Flower

Known-You Seed

highly susceptible to downy and powdery mildew; oval shape, fairly uniform shape

 

 

and size; flesh color is white; medium texture; medium to large cavity; lacks 

 

 

traditional honeydew taste; harvest when it turns from greenish white to cream color

 

 

with no pubescence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Red Queen

Known-You Seed

oval, uniform size and shape; rind color turns from gray-green to beige with light

 

 

yellow flush; flesh color is regular orange with 1/2 inch light green rind ring;

 

 

medium stem scar; large cavity; netting develops with color change, diffuse thin

 

 

net which cracks into flesh; medium firm flesh; harvest with stem intact

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Riosol

Seminis Vegetable

obovate, small canary, slightly pointed end; ripe when golden yellow; slight netting

 

Seeds, Inc

around stem end; flesh color is light green to white when ripe; medium firm flesh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sugar Nut

Johnny's Selected

obovate, small canary, slightly pointed end; ripe when golden yellow; slight netting

 

Seeds

around stem end; flesh color is light green to white when ripe; medium firm flesh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diosa

Known-You Seed

Honeydew  type- doesn't slip; noncommercial, too much splitting under wet

 

 

conditions; variable in size and lots of surface netting; flesh color is mint-green;

 

 

large cavity; very sweet

 

 

 

 

 

Table 2. Specialty Melon, Cultivar Trial. Yield (number/acre and

soluble solids) Cunningham Research Station, Kinston, NC 2004.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cultivar

No./Acre

 

 

 

 

 

 

Soluble

Ananas

Early2

Mid3

Late4

Season

Solids5

Amie

2323

4937

2323

9583

11.3

Arva

6389

7260

2033

15682

11.4

Duke

871

9583

1452

11906

11.3

HSR 4011

2904

2323

1162

6389

11.6

HSR 4022

3194

7260

1742

12197

12.5

HSR 4220

290

5518

4937

10745

10.5

Ophir

581

7841

1162

9583

11.0

Raymond

581

5518

871

6970

11.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

Charentais

 

 

 

 

 

HMX 9606

5518

9002

2323

16843

13.0

HMXP 6885

871

8131

3194

12197

11.7

Honey Girl

581

15391

2904

18876

12.6

SVR-1084

871

8131

2323

11326

12.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crenshaw

 

 

 

 

 

Bolero

581

2904

6389

9874

13.4

Burpees Early

1452

3194

0

4646

*

 

 

 

 

 

 

Galia

 

 

 

 

 

Elario

11035

4356

581

15972

11.1

Elba

11035

1162

1162

13358

12.0

Gallardo

8422

4066

871

13358

12.9

HSR 4036

9874

7260

0

17134

10.5

RS 11105026

0

9583

2033

11616

11.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italian Sweet Melon

 

 

 

 

Magenta

290

11616

4937

16843

12.2

Mirage

1452

9002

4937

15391

11.8

Shilan

581

7841

4937

13358

11.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

Juan Canary

 

 

 

 

 

Bartlett

1162

6970

2323

10454

13.2

Gold 264

1742

9874

2904

14520

13.2

Golden Beauty

290

9874

4937

15101

12.4

Golden Lady

6389

3775

4356

14520

15.1

Golden Prize

4646

3194

581

8422

12.7

HMX1602

0

6970

6679

13649

13.2

William Flavor

1162

8712

871

10745

15.1

WS 5003

871

4356

4646

9874

12.7

Sol

0

8131

2904

11035

12.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oriental

 

 

 

 

 

PS 614

9293

4066

2904

16262

12.9

Sprite

14520

16553

12487

43560

13.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 2. Cont.

 

No./Acre

 

 

 

 

 

 

Soluble

Cultivar

Early2

Mid3

Late4

Season

Solids5

 

 

 

 

 

 

Piel de Sapo

 

 

 

 

 

Daimiel

1452

6098

1162

8712

*

Ruidera

0

8422

581

9002

13.8

Sancho

0

5227

2033

7260

13.0

Trijilla

0

1162

3775

4937

12.9

WS 5010

0

1742

5808

7550

13.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hami

 

 

 

 

 

New Century

1452

8422

1162

11035

13.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Miscellaneous

 

 

 

 

 

Jade Flower

9293

4356

581

14230

12.6

Red Queen

581

4356

2323

7260

15.3

Riosol

581

9874

11906

22361

13.2

Sugar Nut

0

9583

11616

21199

13.9

Diosa

1162

3775

1742

6679

13.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

* These varieties never ripened because of early powdery mildew                                                                                                                                            

 

 

 

 

 

infestation and complete defoliation.

 

 

 

1Melons harvested 3 times per week, 15 plants per plot at 30 feet.

2Early harvest 1-4, June 22-28 (57, 58, 60 and 63) days after planting.

3Mid harvest 5-7, June 30-July 7 (65, 67, 70, and 72) days after planting.

4Late harvest 9-16, July 17-25 (74, 77, 79, and 81) days after planting.

5Solube Solids; reflects the sugar content of a fruit (average of 5 melons).