The Danish Standards for the evaluation of market lambs are outlined below. These standards have been established for the recognition of Cloverbuds (ages 5 - 8) in the 4-H Market Lamb Project area. However, these standards may be used with all 4-H age groups. In this system of determining the level of achievement, the animal should be evaluated against the standard and not the other animals in the particular class.
This system of evaluating the market lamb will utilize the USDA quality and yield grade systems as well as visual appraisal for muscling and conformation. The formula for the USDA yield grade system is: Yield Grade = 0.4 + (10 x adjusted fat, inches).
Lambs grading USDA Choice or better in quality grade; having better than average conformation; balance, style and superior quality; and cutability. Yield grade 2.4 or better.
Lambs grading USDA Choice or better in quality grade and having better than average conformation. Yield grade range of 2.5 to 3.4.
Lambs grading USDA Choice or better in quality grade and having average conformation. Yield grade range of 1.4 to 3.4.
Lambs grading USDA Good in quality grade. Young lambs grading USDA choice or prime that are yield grade 4 or 5.
North Carolina 4-H Livestock Overall Objectives
The North Carolina 4-H and Junior Livestock Program provides many project area that address the various segments of the livestock industry. Emphasis for all of the projects is on the development of the young person. The youth are the focus of the projects, while the animals and projects are utilized as the vehicle for the progress in the development of youth. Available educational programs cover subject matter materials from production practices to the meat product supplied for the consumer's plate. For further information about programs and services provided by the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service:
* Contact the county livestock or dairy agents. County office phone numbers can be found in the phone book Government Section, listed within the county section. N.C. State University Extension specialists working with dairy cattle, beef cattle, horses, swine, and small ruminants provide resource support for county/area dairy and livestock agents.
Some additional materials available from North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service:
|ANS 95-003B||Market Lamb Showmanship|
|ANS 96-006B||Evaluating and Recognizing Youth Using the Danish System|
|ANS 96-601S/G||Cloverbud (5-6 Years of Age) Sheep Exhibitors Project Guide|
|ANS 96-602S/G||Cloverbud (7-8 Years of Age) Sheep Exhibitors Project Guide|
|10M894comm||Pennsylvania 4-H Livestock Judging Manual|
|4-H PG-5-25||Sheep Project Planning Guide|
|4-H R-5-29||4-H Sheep Record|
|4-H M-5-32||4-H Project Manual - Red Meats|
|4-H L-5-35||Sheep Lesson Plans for Leaders|
|4-H M-5-41||Market Lamb 4-H Members Manual|
|Livestock Lessons for After School Enrichment Programs|
Reviewed by: Darwin G. Braund, Ph.D., Brinton Hopkins, Ph.D., Sharon Rogers Department of Animal Science and the following county agents: Ralph E. Blalock, Jr. (Edgecombe), Kathy Bunton (Alexander), Walter Earle (Wilson), Michael L. Hobbs (Buncombe), and Ronald M. Hughes (Johnston).