Lesson #7-- Insect Behavior
- Describe the morphology of a typical nerve cell (neuron) and explain the difference between afferent, efferent, and internuncial neurons.
- Compare and contrast the structure and function of insect mechanoreceptors, chemoreceptors, and photoreceptors. List the different types of sensory input detected by each receptor.
- Explain the "mosaic theory" of insect vision and list at least five differences in visual perception between insects and humans.
- Describe the general organization of an insect's nervous system, name the major nerves and ganglia, and explain the basic pattern of innervation.
- Diagram a simple reflex arc. Explain how a reflex differs from a taxis, a kinesis, and a transverse orientation. Describe how a releaser is related to a fixed action pattern.
- Explain the difference between innate behavior, learned behavior, and complex behavior. Compare and contrast habituation, imprinting, conditioning, and instrumental learning.
- Identify at least three different patterns of periodic behavior in insects. Distinguish between endogenous and exogenous activity and explain the role of a "zeitgeber".
- Define "communication." List seven reasons why insects communicate and give examples of how they do so by using tactile, visual, auditory, olfactory, and gustatory signals.
- List the four defining characteristics of eusociality. Compare and contrast the life history, colony structure, and social organization of termites, ants, bees, and wasps.