State of the Science
Animal Manure and Waste Management

January 5-7, 2005
San Antonio, Texas

Sponsored by:

National Center for Manure and Animal Waste Management


Cooperative State Research Extension and Education Service (CSREES) Multi-State Committee, S-1000, Animal Manure and Waste Utilization, Treatment and Nuisance Avoidance for a Sustainable Agriculture

Note to Readers: PDF and PowerPoint files of presentations are linked to the presentation titles. In some cases, presentations are available as both PDF and PowerPoint files. If a title does not have a link, the paper was unavailable.


Session 1 (morning)
Moderator: Pete Nowak

1. National Coordination: Synergism Ronald D. Lacewell, Assistant Vice Chancellor, Agriculture and Life Sciences, Associate Director, Texas Agricultural Experiement Station

2. Trends in Animal Manure Management Research: CRIS Database Richard Hegg, National Program Leader, CSREES

PowerPoint of Trends in Animal Manure Management ...

3. Environmental and General Public Concerns Suzy Friedman, Staff Scientist, Center for Conservation Incentives, Environmental Defense (Note: This is a PowerPoint file)

Session 1 (afternoon)
Moderator: Ron Lacewell

4. Working the Washington Agenda Lowell Randel, Meyers and Associates, Washington, D.C.

5. Risks of Antibiotics and Endocrine Disrupting Compounds in Animal Waste Christopher Ohl, M.D., Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Winston-Salem, North Carolina (Note: This is a PowerPoint file)

Session 2A
Moderator: Harold M. Keener

6. Simultaneous Removals of Nutrient and Organic Matter in Liquid Swine Manure Using a Lab-scale Sequencing Batch Reactor Jun Zhu, ZhiJian Zhang, and Curtis Miller, University of Minnesota

7. Evaluating Biostimulant Effects in Swine Production Facility Wastewater M.A. Schneegurt, D.L. Weber, S. Ewing, and H.B. Schur, Wichita State University

8. Predicting NH3 Emissions from Manure N for Caged Layer Facilities: A Modified Mass Balance Approach Harold M. Keener, Frederick C. Michel Jr., Ohio State University

Session 2B
Moderator: Larry Jacobson

9. Abatement Measures to Reduce Ammonia Emissions from Open-lot Feed Yards and Dairies David B. Parker, Texas A&M University; N. Andy Cole, USDA-ARS

10. Seasonal Variations in NH3, H2S, and PM10 Emissions from Pig and Poultry Buildings from a Multi-state (Aerial Pollutants Emissions from Confined Animal Buildings –APECAB) Project Larry Jacobson, University of Minnesota; Al Heber, Purdue University; Steve Hoff, Iowa State University; Yuanhui Zhang, University of Illinois; John Sweeten, Texas A&M University; Dave Beasley, North Carolina State University.

11. Ammonia and Hydrogen Sulfide Fluxes and Dry Deposition Velocities from a Commercial Beef Cattle Feedlot In Texas Bok Haeng Baek, Richard Todd, Jacek A. Koziel and Andy Cole, Texas A&M University & USDA-ARS

Session 3A
Moderator: Frederick C. Michel, Jr.

12. Persistence of Mycobacterium Avium Subsp. Paratuberculosis and Other Pathogens During Composting, Manure Pack and Liquid Storage of Dairy Manure Frederick C. Michael, Jr., Sukhbir Grewal and Srinand Sreevatsan, Ohio State University

13. Diversity of Escherichia Coli and Salmonella sp Isolates from Playa Waters and Sediments William C. Rice and Charles W Purdy, USDA-ARS

14. Occurrence and Transport of Antibiotics from Manured Fields to Surface Water Bodies G. Davis, Kenneth H. Carlson, Clinton C. Truman and James C. Ascough II, Colorado State University and USDA-ARS.

15. Evaluation of the Pathogen Reduction from Plug Flow and Continuous Feed Anaerobic Digesters Joe Harrison, Dale Hancock, Mike Gamroth, Debbie Davidson, Lindsay Oaks, James Evermann and Tamilee Nennich, Washington State University and Oregon State University

Session 3B
Moderator: Pete Nowak

16. Lower Cost Options for As-Applied Mapping and Variable Rate Applications of Manure Stanley Solomon and Pete Fandel, University of Illinois

17. Using Spatial Analysis to Optimize Continuous Field Manure Applications Without Adverse Environmental Impact John H. Grove and Eugenia M. Pena-Yewtukhiw, University of Kentucky; and James A. Thompson, West Virginia University

18. Soil Test Phosphorus Sampling Strategies to Optimize Manure Application Within Agricultural Fields Eugenia M. Pena-Yewtukhiw and John H. Grove, University of Kentucky

19. Manure Distribution Patterns, Operator Decisions, and Nutrient Management Plans P.Nowak, P.E. Cabot, K.G. Karthikeyan, University of Wisconsin-Madison


Session 4A
Moderator: John Sweeten

20. A Novel Application of Feedlot Biomass (Cattle Manure) as Reburning Fuel for NOx Reduction in Coal-Fired Plants S. Arumugam, K. Annamalai, S. Priyadarsan, B. Thien and J. Sweeten, Texas A&M University

21. Development and Application of an Inexpensive Chamber for Analysis of VOCs, Greenhouse Gases, and Ammonia Emitted from Livestock Waste B.L. Woodbury, D.N. Miller, R.A. Eigenberg and J.A. Nienaber, USDA-ARS, University of Nebraska

PowerPoint of Development and Application ...

22. Improved GC-Olfactometry Based Malodor Assessment of Swine CAFOs Utilizing Novel Air Sampling Technologies Donald W. Wright, David K. Eaton, Lawrence T. Nielsen and Fred W. Kuhrt, Microanalytics (a MOCON Company)

23. Ammonia and Gaseous Nitrogen Emissions from a Commercial Beef Cattle Feed Yard Estimated Using the Flux-Gradient Method and N:P Ratio Analysis Richard W. Todd, USDA-ARS; N. Andy Cole, USDA-ARS; Lowry A. Harper, USDA-ARS; Thomas K. Flesch, University of Alberta; Bok-Haeng Baek, Texas A&M University

24. Control of Particulate Emissions from High-Rise Layer Barns Using a Biocurtain A.J. Heber, T.T. Lim, J-Q Ni, P.C. Tao, R. Chervil, A. Longman, Purdue University

Session 4B
Moderator: Al Sutton

25. The Re-Cycle System for Hog Waste Management J.B. Koger, R.P. Burnette, T.A.T.G.van Kempen, North Carolina State University

PowerPoint of The Re-Cycle System ...

26. Belt System for Manure Removal Mark Rice, Craig Baird, Frank Humenik, John Classen, Sarah Liehr, Kelly Zering and Eric van Heugten, North Carolina State University

27. Managing Potential Pollutants from Livestock Farms: An Economics Perspective Kelly Zering , North Carolina State University (Note: This is a PowerPoint file)

28. Performance of Geotextile Tubes with and without Chemical Amendments to Dewater Dairy Lagoon Solids Thomas M. Bass, John Worley, University of Georgia; and Ted Tyson, Auburn University

29. Development of Environmentally Superior Technology in North Carolina: The Super Soil Project B. Vanotti, A.A. Szogi, P.G. Hunt, A.Q. Ellison, P.D. Millner, ARS, Florence, S.C.; Frank J. Humenik, North Carolina State University

Session 5A
Moderator: Ron Sheffield

30. Reducing Soil Phosphorus Buildup from Animal Manure Application Gerald W. Evers, Texas A&M University (Note: This is a PowerPoint file)

31. Liquid Animal Manure Application on Drained Cropland: Preferential Flows and Concerns James J. Hoorman, Ohio State University

32. Management Manure & Manure Treatment Plant: The Farm School Of Murcia University's Veterinary Science Faculty J. Mtnez-Almela, A. Muñoz Luna, J. Barrera; SELCO MC. Advanced Engineering, Castellón, Spain

PowerPoint of Management Manure ...

33. Phosphorus Removal on Dairies in the Pacific Northwest Ron Sheffield, University of Idaho; Joe Harrison, Washington State University; Keith Bowers, Multiform Harvest, Inc. (Note: this is a PowerPoint file)

PowerPoint of Phosphorus Removal ...

Session 5B
Moderator: Todd Applegate

34. Reduction of Ammonia Emission and Phosphorus Excretion In Laying Hen Manure Through Feed Manipulation E. Carroll Hale, Rose Acre Farms, IN

35. Nutritional Means to Lower Trace Mineral Excretion from Swine and Poultry Without Compromising Performance J. L. Pierce, Alltech Inc., Nicholasville, KY

36. Feasibility Versus Practicality of Phosphorus Reduction in Poultry: Progress and Future Needs T.J. Applegate, Purdue University; R. Angel, University of Maryland

37. Long-Term Studies of Nitrogen Balance in Broiler Production J.B. Carey, C.D. Coufal, C. Chavez and P.L. Niemeyer, Texas A&M University

Session 5C
Moderator: John Classen

38. Inorganic Phosphorus Forms and Extractability in Anaerobically Digested Dairy Manure Kerem Gungor and K.G. Karthikeyan, University of Wisconsin - Madison

39. Partnership for Abating Ammonia Emissions from Dairy Farms Using a Logic Model to Build Consensus and Joint Work J. Mark Powell, USDA-ARS Dairy Forage Research Center, Madison, Wisconsin; Richard Klemme, Timm Johnson, and Ellen Taylor-Powell, University of Wisconsin Cooperative Extension; Larry Bruss, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources; and Thomas Misselbrook, Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, Devon, UK

40. Challenges in Implementing Phosphorus-Based Nutrient Management Planning Douglas Beegle, Penn State University; Andrew Sharpley, USDA-ARS PSWMRU; Jennifer Weld, USDA-ARS PSWMRU; Peter Kleinman, USDA-ARS PSWMRU

41. Engineering an Innovative Bioreactor with the Existing Lagoon System for Dairy Wastewater Treatment/Reuse – A Pilot Plant Study Eulsaeng Cho and P.Y. Yang, University of Hawaii

Moderator: Don Jones

42. Methodological Challenges to a Systems Approach to the Management of Animal Residuals Brent Auvermann, Texas A&M University (Note: This is a PDF of a PowerPoint file)

Session 6A
Moderator: Phil Westerman

43. Effects of Straw, Sawdust and Sand Bedding on Dairy Manure Composting Frederick C. Michel, Jr., Harold M. Keener, Jerome Rigot, Tom Wilkinson and John Pecchia, Ohio State University

44. Environmental Policy and Factors that Impact Manure Management on Wisconsin Dairy Farms J. Mark Powell, USDA-ARS; Daniel McCrory, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Douglas Jackson-Smith, Utah State University; and H. Saam, University of Wisconsin-Madison

45. Interim Final Technical Guidance for the Application of CAFO Manure on Land in the Winter Stephen M. Jann, US EPA, Region 5

46. Determinants of the Adoption of Manure Management Practices by Livestock Farmers in the Midwest Jennifer Nunez and Laura McCann, University of Missouri-Columbia

Session 6B
Moderator: Suzy Friedman

47. National Dairy Environmental Stewardship Council Final Report - Recommended Dairy Manure Management Practices Kristen Hughes, Sustainable Conservation; Suzy Friedman, Environmental Defense; Art Darling, Sunshine State Milk Producers and Ann Wilkie, University of Florida (Note: This is a link to the Sustainable Conservation Dairies Project Overview Web site)

48. Feeding High Moisture Corn Instead of Dry Rolled Corn Reduces Odor Production in Finishing Beef Cattle Manure Without Sacrificing Performance S.L. Archibeque, H.C. Freetly, D.N. Miller and C.L. Ferrell, USDA-ARS NB

49. Odor, Dust & Gaseous Emissions from Open-Lot CAFOs: Southern Great Plains John M. Sweeten, TAES-Amarillo; David Parker, WTAMU; Brent Auvermann, TCE/TAES-Amarillo; Andy Cole, USDA-ARS; Calvin Parnell, BAEN, TAMU; Ronaldo Maghirang and J. Pat Murphy, KSU; and Ben Weinheimer, Texas Cattle Feeders Association

PowerPoint of Odor, Dust ...

50. Manure Concentrations of N, P, Animal Performance, and Blood Urea Nitrogen Concentrations of Feedlot Steers Phase Fed Different Levels of Protein L.W. Greene, and J.T. Vasconcelos, TAES (Note: This is a PowerPoint file)

4:00 – 5:30 pm, Session 7A
Moderator: Mark Risse

51. Influencing Manure Management Decisions: Extension Implications from a Producer Survey Jessica G. Davis, Dana L. Hoag and Michael G. Lacy; Colorado State University

52. Using EMSs to Improve Compliance on Livestock and Poultry Operations Mark Risse, University of Georgia; Rick Koelsch, University of Nebraska; Elizabeth Bird, University of Wisconsin

53. Lake Okeechobee TMDL – Technologies & Research John C. Folks, Florida Department of Agriculture

54. Applying Alternative Technologies to CAFOs: A Case Study Carol Balvanz, Iowa Cattlemen; John George, Agricultural Engineering Associates; Rick Koelsch, University of Nebraska; John Nienaber, USDA ARS; Ralph Summers, US EPA, Region 7

Session 7B
Moderator: Mark Powell

55. Evaluation of the Survivability of Fecal Coliform in Soil after Winter Application of Dairy Slurry on a Transitional-Organic Grazing-Based Dairy T.D. Nennich, J.H. Harrison and D.L. Davidson, Washington State University

56.Development of an Economically and Environmentally Responsible Technique for Decommissioning Anaerobic Swine Waste Lagoons Frank Humenik, Lou Licht, Craig Baird, Mark Rice and Mark Hucks; North Carolina State University; Ecolotree, Inc.; Nash County Center, North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service

57. Understanding Manure Management Behavior on Wisconsin Dairy Farms: Lessons from Recent On-Farm Research Douglas Jackson-Smith, Utah State University; J. Mark Powell, USDA-ARS; and Daniel McCrory , University of Wisconsin-Madison (Note: This is a PowerPoint file)


58. PP.001 - Moisture Sensing Methods for Biofilters Treating Exhaust Air from Livestock Buildings
Funk, T.L., J. M, Appleford, Yong Chen and M. J. Robert, Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, University of Illinois-Urbana; and R. C. Funk, Auburn, IL

59. PP.002 - Comparison of Fuel Cell and a Genset Utilizing Biogas
Goodrich, Philip R*, David Nelson*, Richard Huelskamp*, Dennis Haubenschild**, Matthew Drewitz***, Paul Burns***, David Schmidt* and R. Vance Morey*; *Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, University of Minnesota; ** Haubenschild Farms, Princeton, Minnesota; ***Minnesota Department of Agriculture

60. PP.003 - Use of Electromagnetic Soil Surveys of Feedlot to Locate Areas of Nutrient Buildup – Preliminary Results
Eigenberg, Roger, B. L. Woodbury and J. A. Nienaber, USDA, ARS, US Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center, Nebraska

61. PP.004 - A Management Decision Tool for Dairy Manure Land Application
Allison, John R., Zana Somda, Agriculture and Applied Economics Department, G. L. Newton and Lane Ely, Animal and Dairy Science Department, University of Georgia

62. PP.005 - Enviro-Friendly Cattle Feedlots: Managing Nutrient Losses with the Apex-feedlot Model
Wyatte L. Harman, J.R. Williams and M. Magre, Texas A&M University

63. PP.006 - The Black Soldier Fly, Hermetia illucens, as a Manure Management/
Resource Recovery Tool
Newton, G.L.*, Animal and Dairy Science Department, D.C. Sheppard*, Entomology Department, Wes Watson**, G.J. Burtle*, Animal and Dairy Science Department, C.R. Dove*, J.K. Tomberlin***, Entomology Department and E.E. Thelen****, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering Department
*University of Georgia; ** NC State University; ***Texas A&M University; ****Michigan State University

64. PP.007 - Evaluation of Phytase in the Swine Waste Stream to Reduce P Loading in Soils
Munguia, Robert, J. and Shad D. Nelson, Texas A&M University-Kingsville, Department of Agronomy and Resource Sciences

65. PP.008 - Pathogens in the Environment: Output from a National Workshop
Hargrove, W.L., KCARE Kansas State University, M. Morant, USDA-CSREES and R. Hegg, USDA-CSREES

66. PP.009 -Land Treatment of Swine Lagoon Effluent Using Overland Flow Vegetated Buffer Systems
Hubbard, R.K., SE Watershed Research Laboratory, USDA-ARS and G. L. Newton, Animal and Dairy Science Department, University of Georgia, Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton, GA

67. PP.010 - Micrometeorology of a Commercial Cattle Feedlot: Spatial Heterogeneity
Baum, Kristen A. and Jay M. Ham, Department of Agronomy, Kansas State University

68. PP.011 - Occurrence and Fate of Bacterial Pathogens in a Passive Beef Feedlot Runoff Control-Vegetative Treatment System
Berry, E.D., B.L. Woodbury, J.A. Nienaber and R.A. Eigenberg, USDA, ARS, U.S. Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center, Nebraska

69. PP.012 - Solids Separation/Constructed Wetlands for Swine Wastewater Treatment Baird, Craig L.,John M. Rice, Diana M. Rashash and Frank J. Humenik, North Carolina State University


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